Drawing and Painting 1

Intro to drawing and painting will encourage an understanding and appreciation of art through the study of the elements and principles of design. Students will build skills in drawing, painting, and design.  They will think about their work, explore art history, work individually and in groups, and find connections to other areas of study.

 

Elements and Principles of Art

Use the following worksheets to better understand the Elements of Art. 

Add them to your Resource Folder for future reference. 

element: LINE

A line is a form with width and length, but no depth. Artists use lines to create edges, the outlines of objects. A line is created by the movement of the artist's pen. 

Pen and Ink: Zentangle using Line and Shape

 

This assignment focuses on line and shape.  The idea is to use line in a variety of ways to fill a specific shape.  Lines can be thick or thin, straight or curved, etc.  Using this knowledge of line variety, students will create their own version of a zentangle.

 

Practice

Element

Additional Resources

Goal & Rubric

color wheel.jpg

element: COLOR

Color is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye. There are three properties to color. The first is hue, which simply means the name we give to a color (red, yellow, blue, green, etc.).

HUE

Print this color wheel and use only the PRIMARY COLORS of tempera paint to mix and fill in the entire color wheel. 
a-hue-value-scale.jpg

VALUE

Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. It indicates the quantity of light reflected. When referring to pigments, dark values with black added are called “shades” of the given hue name. Lightvalues with white pigment added are called “tints” of the hue name.

PUTTING IT TOGETHER

Use the following Elements of DESIGN to create your 4 squares: BALANCE, MOVEMENT, CONTRAST, AND PROPORTION. Click on the button to the right to find the elements of design. The elements of art are mixed in, but you will already be using color and value. 

* You can also use your RESOURCE FOLDER to access prior knowledge. 

Goal & Rubric

element: FORM & VALUE

 As an Element of Art, form describes something that is three-dimensional and encloses volume, having length, width, and height, versus shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.

Value deals with the lightness or darkness of a color. Since we see objects and understand objects because of how dark or light they are, value is incredibly important to art.

Graphite: Larger than Life
 

​Students will draw a smashed aluminum can using a scale larger than actual size. 

Using graphite (pencil), students will focus on contrasting values to create dimension and replicate the texture of aluminum can. 

Practice

Click on the value scale to see the range that can be achieved with graphite pencil. 

Use these same values to shade the eggs in the Tonal Drawing Exercise. 

Elements

Goal & Rubric

element: SPACE

In terms of art, space is the area around, above, and within an object.  With consideration to drawings and paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space. Positive space refers to the main focus of a picture, while negative space refers to the background. When used creatively and intelligently, positive and negative space together can tell a story using visual composition alone. 

notan.jpg

Notan: Construction Paper
 

​Students will create their own original Notan using construction paper and glue. 

Element 

Notan 3
Notan 3

Notan 2
Notan 2

Notan 1
Notan 1

Notan 3
Notan 3

1/3

Practice Notan

Watch the video and do a practice

version with practice paper. 

Final Notan

Research various examples of notans and find inspiration for your own. 

Using construction paper, cut out your notan and glue it to white tag board/paper.

**Your design should utilize all 4 sides, the center, and have various layers withing each shape.

Goal & Rubric

ddd2c5a978e4c43a05ddf19c1d2e1f4f.jpg
Charles Demuth.jpg

Here is the Story:

Between 1924 and 1929 Charles Demuth completed eight abstract portraits  as tributes to modern American artists, writer, and performers. Though not a physical likeness, Demuth created this portrait of his friend, William Carlos Williams, using imagery from William’s poem, The Great Figure, which evokes sights and sounds of a fire engine speeding down the street. The intersecting lines, repeated “5,” round forms of the numbers, lights, street lamp, and blaring sirens of the red fire engine together infuse the painting with vibrant, urban energy. 

Another fun bit of related trivia to know is that the FDNY Engine 5, stationed at East 14th Street between First and Second Avenues, has this painting hanging just inside the entrance to the garage.

element: COLOR & REPETITION

Using the artwork of Charles Demuth as inspiration, students will create their own

composition that utilizes repetition, font, and a color scheme. Students will paint their composition and try to replicate the movement of Precisionism.

 

Artist Study: Charles Demuth

  1. Charles Demuth (November 8, 1883 – October 23, 1935) was an American watercolor artist (turned to oils late in his career) who developed a style of painting known as Precisionism.

  2. Precisionism was an American art movement that was influenced by Cubism and Futurism.

  3. ​Differences and similarities. Cubism’s goal was to represent an image in its basic geometric forms. Futurism embraced modern technology (the technical triumph of man over nature). The Futurists admired speed, technology, youth and violence, the car, the airplane and the industrial city.

  4. Precisionism main themes were industrialization and the modernization of the American landscape. The structures of which were depicted in precise, sharply defined geometrical forms.

  5. Demuth was a lifelong resident of Pennsylvania. He studied and lived some in Paris where he became a part of the Avant Garde art scene. He died at the age 51 of complications from diabetes.

Goal & Rubric

element: SPACE in Perspective

tutorial example.jpg

Click on this link to watch a tutorial on creating a one point perspective drawing.  

Follow the video step by step and turn in your finished sample. 

Now that you have a basic understanding of 

one-point perspective, create your own interior 

or exterior space. 

Remember,  the difference is in the details! 

  • Windows have frames.

  • Repetition of lines to create texture add visual interest. 

  • A little bit of shading and shadows go a long way in creating dimension. 

  • Don't settle for the easy way out! Persevere and make something visually interesting. 

Check out the examples below that were found on the Internet.

bedroom.jpg
kitchen.jpg
maxresdefault.jpg
not_an_example.jpg
Excellent Example of a Bedroom 
Excellent Example of a Kitchen 
Excellent Example of Repeating Lines
Excellent Example of Something
that needs more work! 

Goal & Rubric

element: TEXTURE

Cracked Earth

Texture - element of art that refers to the way an object feels to the touch or looks as it may feel.

Types of Texture:

3-D Texture - refers to the way an object feels to the touch

2-D Texture- refers to the way an object looks as it may feel

Visual texture - the illusion of a 3-D surface

Simulated- imitate real textures

Invented - 2-D patterns created by the repetition of lines of shapes

Rough textures - reflect light unevenly

Smooth textures - reflect light evenly

Matte - surface that reflects a soft, dull light.  Shiny surfaces are the opposite of matte.

Practice

Element

hands.jpg

Textured Hands

Use this photo as a reference for your hands. You may either draw these exact hands,

or draw 6 hands in a similar way.  

Once the hands have been sketched lightly, go back and add TEXTURE to each hand. 

Be sure to do the following:

  • Your texture should follow the contour of the hand. If the finger is curved like a cylinder, then your texture should follow the same curve. (Review from the practice tutorial)

  • Your texture should also show VALUE. You should have at least 5 obvious value changes - highlight, medium/mid-tones,  and a shadow. 

  • You may want to draw in your texture lightly with pencil, and then go back over it with ink. 

different texture.jpg

Goal & Rubric

IMG_1962.jpg

concept: MONOCHROMATIC COLOR

Pop Art Painting - Color, Contour Lines
 

Students will create a completely original painting inspired by Andy Warhol of the Pop Art movement using tempera paint. Students will take a picture of themselves and paint it in a monochromatic color scheme. 

Goal & Rubric

Getting Started:

woman-taking-selfie.jpg

First...Take A Selfie!

Step 1: Loading photo in to Photoshop

Step 2: Posterizing your Photo

Step 3:Saving & Printing your Photo

Step 4: Setting up your paper:

Painting:

Your painting will have a MONOCHROMATIC color scheme. You will choose ONE color.

You will add BLACK or WHITE to the color to match the intensity of the VALUE that is in your grayscale printout.

monochrom.png
repetition and variation.jpg

concept: REPETITION & VARIATION

Students will choose any animal.  Using this animal as the subject, students will draw different parts of the animal and draw the animal from different angles.  The final piece will consist of 15 variations of the same animal repeated throughout on the paper.  Students will use color pencil to shade and add texture